It belongs to the archipelago of Tierra del Fuego, separated from ut by the Beagle Channel. Its main towns are in Wualaia Bay, at the north shore of the island, and among them are Puerto Williams, capital of the province; Puerto Navarino, to the east we have Puerto Toro and Puerto Caleta Eugenia on the west side of the island A coastal road that runs along the canal Beagle joins these locations. Most of its population are part of the Navy or are fishermen devoted to fishing and the recollection of king crab.
The predominant landscape is based on mountains, lakes, forests and tundra near waterfalls and dams made by non-native beavers. The highest point is one of the peaks of the Dientes de Navarino which is about 1200 meters above sea level.
In total, Navarino Island has approximately 3,000 inhabitants that live in several villages.
It has a high touristic potential, in terms of archeology and history. The discovery of the Yamana culture through its archaeological remains,it is the starting point of the so called scientific tourism, that uses the local museum as its base. Also, British Missions routes are of great interest, including stops at all points where the scene of the events have been momentous. Within the scientific tourism variants, you can practice there birdwatching, study the geology and botanical wealth of the city.
More than 8,000 years ago the Yamana people appeared via the Brecknok peninsula. By becoming nomads of the sea, they sailed by the north branch of the Beagle Channel, entering the Murray Canal, and distributed along the coast of Navarino Island.
Then between 1826 and 1834 geographical and hydrographic expeditions are made. The leader of the expedition was firstly the commander Philip Parker King and then Robert Fitz Roy aboard the corvette “Adventure” and the brigantine “Beagle”. In the fourth campaign of Parker King and Fitz Roy, launched in late 1829, they called Navarino the island they circumnavigate , this in honor of the Battle of Navarino in Greece occurred in 1827, during the Greek war of independence against the Ottoman empire.
The naturalist Charles Darwin spends a significant part of his trip around the world aboard the Beagle in the region of Cabo de Hornos (Cape Horn).
Following the discovery and hydrographic survey of the Beagle Channel, the English that came from the Falklands arrived to the shores of Navarino in a religious and educational mission to the Aborigines of the region.
Since 1888, the island region south of the Beagle Channel, won the concern of the Government of Magallanes, especially by the discovery of gold in Lennox Island.