It is the world’s southernmost port, located on the northern coast of Navarino Island, on the shores of the Atlantic mouth of the Beagle Channel.
It was founded on November 21, 1953 with the name of Puerto Luisa. On 22nd August 1956 it was changed the name to Puerto Williams, commemorating the Irish sailor Juan Williams or Juan Guillermos, who commanded the famous Goleta Ancud on behalf of the Chilean government takeover of the Strait of Magellan, on September 21st, 1843, that included the founding of Fort Bulnes.
The port is an important strategic location for trading between the Pacific and the Atlantic Ocean. It also functions as ramp for Chilean policies in the Chilean Antarctic Territory, given the proximity of Puerto Williamswith the so called “White Continent”.
Cerro La Bandera
Named like that because in its top is the flag of Chile. Its access is of medium difficulty, its ascent begins at the waterfall “La Virgen” located 3 km from downtown, and takes about 2 hours and 30 minutes. From the top you can see the town of Puerto Williams,the Beagle Channel, the Argentinian city of Ushuaia and some of the lagoons in the mountain range called Dientes de Navarino.
Located just 2 miles from the center of Puerto Williams, in this place, is where people from the Yagan community live. There you can find crafts that recall their past in the sea,such as representations of their ships.
The Yamana people lived here for years; the famous explorer Fitz Roy led an expedition Wulaia Bay where Charles Darwin was part of. It is the third heritage route implemented on Navarino Island.
Its name means in Yamana language “Beautiful bay”, and at first glance one can see dozens of ancient yámana site camps that justify the beauty of the place, and it is in this bay, where different historical facts that tell about the contact between Europeans and yámanas took place while the latter wanted to conquer and evangelize the natives of the area.
This is the last place in the Cape Horn heritage route. The lake has a length of 41 kilometers, which is equivalent to 21 hours of travel, ie 3-4 days.
From here, you can see the striking mountain range Dientes de Navarino; the spectacular and unique view from the topt of Monte Bettineli, part of the southern plains of Isla Navarino.
Dientes de Navarino
It is a mountain range, whose precipitous mountain are over 1,000. meters. Here is the circuit Dientes de Navarino, the southernmost trekking route in the world, that goes around the cord of Dientes. It is passed amidst a stunning mountain landscape, dominated by frozen lakes, snow-capped peaks, rock slopes and openings with stunning views of the Beagle Channel and the southern part of the island. The mountain route does not present great difficulty for people with good physical conditions; weather conditions are crucial to the feasibility of the circuit.
It is a small town located on the eastern shore of Isla Navarino. It is the southernmost community in the world, if we do not consider as communities Antarctic bases. It is populated by approximately 50 fishermen and their families.
Located just 4km from Puerto Williams, the beauty of this “miniature forest” is what makes this park one of the greatest natural heritages of Patagonia. This world is made up of microscopic mosses, liverworts and lichens that grow on the bark of a tree.
Martin Gusinde Museum, founded in 1975 and recently remodeled, contains within its walls the history and traditions of the Yagan people, that are portrayed in modern facilities and graphics to help understand well who they were and how they lived.
The Cape Horn or Cabo de Hornos is located 165.6 km from Puerto Williams,installed in Wollaston archipielago and Hermite Islands. its average height does not exceed 300 meters, with the exception of Cerro La Pirámide, whose maximum height is 406 meters above sea level. You can access it through navigation or air, (the latter means of transport, aircraft, are leased only in a particular way, there are no regular flights).
It is highlighted Cape Horn National Park, with an area of 60,093 hectares. The park is characterized by its dominant vegetation, and its amazing bird and marine species, since the park itself is a protective reserve of flora and fauna. Among its outstanding wildlife there are Antarctic Magellanic penguins in nesting process, and other endangered species.
The International Coordinating Council of UNESCO’s Man and the Biosphere Programme approved in 2005, the nomination of Cabo de Hornos as Biosphere Reserve, located in the Chilean Antarctic Province.
This new reserve is the eighth assigned in Chile, and is characterized by:
o Integrating terrestrial and marine ecosystems for the first time.
O It is the first time that incorporates pieces of land located outside the System of Protected Areas of the State
o Its surface triples the preexisting area of Biosphere Reserves in the country, with a total of 7,301,739 ha in the nation.
o Biosphere Reserve in Cape Horn is also the largest reserve in the southern cone of South America.
Hoste Island and Alberto de Agostini National Park:
It is one of the southernmost islands of Chile. It is located 800 nautical miles from Punta Arenas and west Puerto Williams. It includes a series of islands and peninsulas, fjords, channels and sounds, glaciers and snowfields.
The National Park is in Cordillera Darwin, a long mountain range that appears as islands in this latitude, and the Beagle Channel. Both landmarks are important in describing the area of Tierra del Fuego. By navigating through Beagle channel you navigate to the Strait and Murray channel, where Charles Darwin had an encounter with the natives of the place. In this place, Ona and Yagan peoples settled, thus being one of the most inhabited places the region.
Its cultural value is exceeded only by the ecological and environmental value since Agostini National Park hosts a number of native species, including coigüe and cinnamon trees.
Among the most famous landmarks is the Marinelli Glacier, the largest in the area, the Agostini Glacier, surrounded by mountains that allow landing on its surface, and Pampa Guanaco, an ideal place for recreational anglers. In all these places there are animals, some still in danger of extinction, such as guanacos, seals and sea elephants, sea otters, among others.