Known as the “City of rare trees,” Porvenir is the capital of Tierra del Fuego,and it is located opposite the city of Punta Arenas, separated by the strait but communicating via ferry.
Porvenir is a town of 5,500 inhabitants. In 1882, miners from North America and Europe invaded Sierra Boquerón with gold chores. After that, it begins the industrialization of dredges that remained active until about 1909. Meanwhile in 1883, the Chilean government, submits a tender for the livestock land on the island for 20 years, with Gente Grande Livestock Society that will exploit the north plains of Baquedano. That same year, a police station arises during the gold rush and Porvenir is founded as a city in 1894, to service the new livestock ranches.
Jose Nogueira, who lives in Punta Arenas, obtains the concession of 310,000 hectares in the area of Felipe Bay, which increases in 1890 to one million more hectares, resulting in the Sociedad Explotadora de Tierra del Fuego. The Ona people were innocent victims of farmers, since as being easier to hunt sheep than guanaco, they were cruelly persecuted by professional murderers, who were paid with sheep.
Porvenir is the most historic town of Tierra del Fuego: there is the first cinema of Chile, in that city lived famous people including the filmmaker José Bohr and Nazi war criminal Walter Rauff while it was the center of provisioning during the First World War for the Austro Hungarian ship SMS Dresden.
Most tourists visiting Tierra del Fuego go through Porvenir, or use their services as a stopover on their way to further south. There are several hotels, internet cafes, restaurants, and a gas station. A small grocery store is located near the base of the Chilean Army at the top level of the city.