"Information about Torres del Paine and Patagonia (Chile and Argentina)"
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Geology of Torres del Paine National Park

Paine Massif formation
The huge Paine Massif, also known as the Cordillera del Paine is an independent mountain formation with its own unique characteristics, dominating the region with a maximum elevation of 3,050 m (10 ft.). The origins of the Paine Massif date back to 12 million years ago when the sedimentary layers of the earth were lifted up and were slowly worn down through glacial erosion until only hard resistant granite rock was visibly left. The jagged Torres are a classic example of the results of this process and the difference in color between the sedimentary and granite rock in Los Cuernos del Paine is sharply contrasted.

There are many geological evidence in Torres del Paine National Park, such as old rocks formed about 150 millions of years ago or some formed 60 million years ago.

These are the evidence of the geological evolution in this area:

Oceanic flood:150 million years ago
Patagonia Andes Lifting: 65 a 13 million years ago
Paine Massif Lifting: 12 million years ago
Glaciation: The difference in colour 3.5 million up to 14.000 years ago

The difference in color of the rocks is due to the difference in rock types, granite (light grey) and sedimentary rock (black). The highest pick is in Paine Grande mountain (3,050 m) and it is also the highest mountain in the region.

Geology
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Maurice Dides

Geology
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Torres del Paine, Patagonia, Chile Carla Andrade

Macizo Paine

Geology
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Andres Albers

Geology
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Maurice Dides

Geology
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Andres Albers

Geology
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Andres Albers

Geology
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Andres Albers

Geology
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Andres Albers

Geology
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Andres Albers

Geology
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Andres Albers

Geology
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Andres Albers

Geology
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Andres Albers

MAJOR PEAKS ARE:

Paine Grande
Principal Summit: 3,050 m (10 ft.)
Central Summit: 2,730 m (8.9 ft.)
Bariloche Summit: 2,660 m (8.7ft.)

Cuernos del Paine (Horns)
North Cuerno 2,400 m (7.8 ft.)
Principal Cuerno: 2,600 m (8.5 ft.)
East Cuerno: 2,200 m (7.2 ft.)

Torres del Paine
North Torre: 2,600 m (8.5 ft.)
Central Torre: 2,850 m (9.3 ft.)
South Torre: 2,900 m (9.5 ft.)
Peineta (Comb) 2,550 m (8.3 ft.)
Almirante Nieto 2,670 m (8.7 ft.)

Frances Valley (French valley)
Aleta del tiburón (Shark Fin) 1,850 m (6 ft.)
Cabeza de Indio (Indian Head) 2,230 m (7.3 ft.)
Punta Catalina 2,100 m (6.9 ft.)
Trono Blanco 2,430 m (8.0 ft.)
Escudo (Shield) 2,700 m (8.8 ft.)
Fortaleza (Fortress) 2,900 m (9.5 ft.)
Mascara (Mask) 1,850 m (6.0 ft.)
Hoja (Blade) 1,950 m (6.3 ft.)
Espada (Swore) 2,050 m (6.7 ft.)